nyx greek goddess
While the Orphic mysteries were unique in holding Nyx as the origin of all life, even mainstream Greek religious thought believed she had an important role as a mother. 1. and thou, kindly Tellus (Earth) [Gaia], who dost for magic potent herbs provide . ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. "Zeus, when from his father the prophesied rule and strength in his hands he took and the glorious daimon . 497 ff (trans. [missing text] holy . Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) [3] With Erebus (Darkness), Nyx gives birth to Aether (Brightness) and Hemera (Day). A few, however, continued to occasionally feature in the stories of the Olympians. "Silent Nyx (Night) shrouded the west in her own colour, and scored the sky across with her own starry cloak. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library, Greek text available from the same website, Online version at the Perseus Digital Library, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyx&oldid=984431861, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:07. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. The Orphic hymns, which held her in high regard as the source of all life, thanked Nyx for bringing calm and rest to the word. Campbell, Vol. the elder daughter of dark Nyx. He disturbed Zeus only a few times after that always fearing Zeus and running back to his mother, Nyx, who would have confronted Zeus with a maternal fury. . Eris – The goddess of strife and discord was named by Homer as a child of Zeus, but other sources said she was a child of Nyx and Erebus. 18. Dreams (Oneiroi) and soft ease attend thy dusky train, pleased with the lengthened gloom and feastful strain, dissolving anxious care, the friend of mirth, with darkling coursers riding round the earth. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 7. Orest. to C1st A.D.) : Statius, Thebaid 1. 1192 ff (trans. A dark goddess to be both feared and loved, here is everything you need to know about Nyx, the primordial goddess of the night! When she did, she was depicted as a goddess to be feared and respected, even by the king of the gods himself. "To Nyx (Night), Fumigation with Torches. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) ", Orphica, Argonautica 12 ff (trans. The Oneiroi – Also denizens of Erebus, the Oneiroi were the. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) And there the children of dark Nyx (Night) have their dwellings, Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) , awful gods. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. According to Hesiod, the two shared a home at the edges of the world. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. So Zeus calmed his savage resentment with difficulty, and cried out to Hera. ", Statius, Thebaid 1. Therefore for all the hate she gets, she is not a major resident of Mount Olympus either. "The ugly form of Hypnos' (Sleep's) mother the blackgirdled goddess Nyx (Night) . I reached her in my flight, and Zeus let be, though he was angry, in awe of doing anything to swift Nyx' displeasure.’", Hesiod, Theogony 211 ff (trans. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. The darkness and stillness of night allowed them to sneak into the city, ending a ten-year siege. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. : Orphica, Theogonies Fragment 101 - 102 (from Proclus) (trans. . According to most legends, she was born from Chaos itself, making her a sister of major primordial gods like Gaia and Tartarus. Her opposite number was Hemera (Day) who scattered the mists of night at dawn. The sky, Uranus, was a great dome of brass that arched over the earth. The goddess of the night was rarely depicted in mythology, but when she was, she was seen as such a powerful being that even Zeus himself was afraid to cross her. [1.5] AITHER, HEMERA, EROS (by Erebos) (Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.17) 5. From Nox (Night) [Nyx] and Erebus [were born]: Fatum (Fate) [Ker], Senectus (Old Age) [Geras], Mors (Death) [Thanatos], Letum (Dissolution) [Moros], Continentia (Continence), Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiroi], Amor [Eros]--that is Lysimeles, Epiphron, Porphyrion, Epaphus, Discordia (Discord), Miseria (Wretchedness), Petulantia (Wantonness), Nemesis, Euphrosyne, Amicitia (Friendship) [Philotes], Misericordia (Compassion), Styx; the three Parcae (Fates) [Moirai], namely Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos; the Hesperides Aegle, Hesperie and Aerica.". While a few were fathered by Erebus, others she gave birth to of her own accord. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : 421 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. . "And Nyx bare hateful Moros (Doom of Death) and black Ker (Fate of Death) and Thanatos (Thanatus, Death), and she bare Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep) and the tribe of Oneiroi (Dreams). Greek-Goddesses Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. "Eos' (Dawn's) celestial beams chased black Nyx (night) from the sky. All subsequent life and material came from them. Nyx- A Marvel comic book. Often, the mists of the night were represented by a black cloak that arched above her, particularly in sculpture. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 97 ff (trans. Powerful goddess . Look! Hypnos, the god of sleep is her son. That speaks volumes of her power. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. ", Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 1075 (trans. Hypnos – The personification of sleep. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 14. The Orphic mystery cults, however, believed that she had been the original being in the universe and all other creation had begun with Nyx. Cicero's list mostly follows Hesiod's Theogony, albeit with Latin translations of the word-names]. The planned did not end very well. 469F) : Euripides, Ion 1150 ff (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) You don’t notice Nyx as a central figure, in many of the mythical tales, but that doesn’t mean she wasn’t around. 123, &c.) According to the Orphics (Argon. . Nyx was sharing her residence with her daughter Hemera, the embodiment of the Day, without the two of them ever meeting each other at home. She could be helpful as well. She watches over the shadows of the night and tries her best to keep the night safe, though she has terrible persona and is quite feared a lot around Mount Olympus. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 7. and thou, divine three-formed Hecate . Sandys) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) . 742 : Nyx is a very unique goddess. And Vulcanus' [Hephaistos'] fire shall eat the lustral entrails, where-o'er the new milk streams.". . "Celestial Astra (Stars), dear progeny of Nyx (Night). ii. https://greekgoddesses.fandom.com/wiki/Nyx?oldid=9265. She is Primordial God. According to Hesiod’s Theogony, she was the daughter of Chaos and the mother of numerous primordial powers, including Erebus was the god of all darkness, from the murky realms of the edge of the world to the underground places sunlight could not reach. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 3. "At night the goddess Nox (Night) [Nyx] has the crested bird [the rooster] slain for awakening the warm day with its cry. Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) Lives off-season in the underworld as the wife of Hades. These primordial gods represented the very foundations of the universe. It is probably not a surprise that most of her children, especially those born without the assistance of Erebus, were associated with the night. She was occasionally shown with wings to fly across the dark sky, but more often was pulled by a chariot. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. Persephone. . Theog. Campbell, Vol. "The Night-Born Sisters (Sorores Genitae Nocte) [Erinyes], divinities implacable, doom-laden. She did not only have an important place in the lore of witchcraft, however. 627 ff : According to Pausanias, she had an oracle on the acropolis at Megara. You ancient rite will be performed, Nox Lemuria; here will be offerings to the mute dead",[18] and she is also mentioned by Statius: O Nox . 848 ff : ", Aeschylus, Eumenides 321 ff (trans. "Two demon fiends there are, called by the name of Furiae (Furies) [Erinyes], whom darkest Nox (Night) [Nyx] brought forth at one and the same birth with hellish Megaera, breeding all three alike with the twining coils of serpents and giving them wings like the wind . Vellacott) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Nyx, however, took her son in to protect him. Some cults even believed she was so important that she had given rise to everything in the universe, including the earth itself. : ‘Tell me, Laggard Nyx (Night), when is envious Eos (Dawn) to set? 1057 ff : Nyx brought the dark veil over the night, while Hemera chased the dark mists away each morning. "[The Erinyes speak :] ‘We [the Erinyes] are the eternal children of Nyx (Night). . 403 ff (trans. [Hypnos addresses Hera :] ‘That time I laid to sleep the brain in Zeus of the aegis and drifted upon him still and soft, but your mind was devising evil, and you raised along the sea the blasts of the racking winds, and on these swept him away to Kos (Cos), the strong-founded, with all his friends lost, but Zeus awakened in anger and beat the gods up and down his house, looking beyond all others for me, and would have sunk me out of sight in the sea from the bright sky had not Nyx (Night) who has power over gods and men rescued me. "The choir-leaders of the Hesperides (Evenings) driving their two-horse chariot along the path of night to the new turning-point, where Nyx (Night) passes through the light-bringing radiance in the eastern air; and she brings the day's light, flying over the misty wave, a guide for sailors . "In the west, is the bowl wrought by Hephaistos (Hephaestus), the bowl of thy sire [Helios, the Sun], speeding wherein he crosseth the mighty, swelling stream that girdeth earth [i.e. [2.3] THE MOIRAI (by Khronos) (Tzetzes on Lycophron) She was an ultimate female beginning and one of the first elements emerging from Chaos along with day, fire, and water. For ships in trouble pain her heart, and other signs in other quarters she kindles in sorrow for mariners, storm-buffeted at sea. Family. She was either winged, charioteer, or crowned with an aureole of dark mists. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Orphic Hymn 3 to Nyx (trans. ", Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragment 931 (from Oxyrhynchus Papyrus) (trans. She watches over the shadows of the night and tries her best to keep the night safe, though she has terrible persona and is quite feared a lot around Mount Olympus. Nyx was one of the primordial deities who emerged at the very beginning of the universe. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) On the chest of Cypselus she was represented carrying in her arms the gods of Sleep and Death, as two boys (v. 18. Nyx definition, an ancient Greek goddess personifying night. Deor. 192 ff (trans. . (Eurip. She was born from the giant cosmic being called Chaos, and was a Protogenoi, an ancient being that existed long before the Olympians. Hera, Zeus’s wife, goddess of Birth & Marriage, asked Hypnos to put Zeus to sleep. : Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragment 1023 (from Berlin Papyrus) : Aeschylus, Agamemnon 355 ff (trans. ((lacuna)) Gold-flowered Nyx (Night).


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