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[3] and UdayBhan Singh Rathore, a Rajput fortkeeper under Jai Singh I who worked for the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. [5][unreliable source?] The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, commander of the Maratha Empire under Shivaji. ("We have gained the fort, but lost a lion. During the siege, Malusare scaled a steep cliff that led to the fort through the assistance of a monitor lizard called Yashwanti (also referred to as ghorpad in marathi). A fierce combat took place between the forces of Tanaji and Udaybhan. When one thinks of Maratha warriors, they think of Shivaji and his legendary war stories. Saddened but only more enraged by the death of their general, the Marathas fought under Malusare's brother Suryaji Malusare with all their might and laid waste to the defending forces. After a lengthy fight Tanaji Malusare lost his life. The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad (then known as Kondhana after the sage Kaundinya ), near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India. The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India. But Tanaji fought him, which both were killed in the battle but the overwhelmed Maratha forces managed to capture the fort after the reinforcements penetrated the gateway of the fort from another route. The mission was to recapture the fort at any cost. The thought of the Mughals controlling the fort was more than just enraging to Shivaji Maharaj's mother, Rajmata Jijabai. Sinhagad was one of the first forts which Chattrapati Shivaji re-captured from the Mughals. He was a fort-keeper and was appointed by the Mughal army chief Jai Singh I. What is Ayodhya Ram Janmabhoomi and Babri Masjid title dispute? Tanaji Malusare was a military leader in the Maratha Empire of present-day India. He is most famously known for his role in the Battle of Sinhagad in 1670. Tanaji’s brother Suryaji then defeated the remaining Mughal forces and took over the Kondana fort. Udaybhan struck and broke Tanaji's shield to compensate for which he wrapped his turban cloth on his forearm and continued the battle, shortly afterwards Udaybhan cuts his forearm. The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, Commander of Maratha Empire under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Udaybhan Rathod, fortkeeper under Jai Singh I. Legend has it that Malusare used his own pet monitor lizards (ghorpad) to scale the hill side cliff and set ropes for his troops to climb. SSC [6] Climbing up the fort, the Marathas were intercepted by the garrison and combat ensued between the guards and the few infiltrators that had managed to climb up by this time. After two failed attempts, Tanaji and his men successfully scaled the steep hill fortress. Upon hearing the news of the loss of his most beloved commander and dear friend, Shivaji Maharaj renamed the fort and called it Sinhagad (Lion Fort). Tanaji put the wedding plans on hold and immediately left for the meeting. He has been noted to have said, "Gad ala pan Sinha gela." This type of lizard was tamed since the 15th century and Yashwanti was trained to pull the rope up the cliffs for Malusare and wind it around the fort's bastion. A bust of Tanaji Malusare was established on the fort in the memory of his contribution to the battle. [1], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Sinhagad&oldid=985319233, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from May 2020, Maharashtra articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 08:06. Upon reaching the foot of the fort, Tanaji and his detachment of 300 troops were said to have scaled the fort from the western side on a dark night with the help of a domesticated Bengal monitor lizard (called ghorpad in Marathi) named Yashwanti to which they were said to have tied ropes and sent crawling up top to the precipice of the fort. Once inside and after opening the Kalyan Darwaza, Tanaji, his men and another detachment of 500 troops headed by Suryaji (his younger brother) attacked the army holding down the fort. The battle between the two bravehearts was said to have lasted for the better part of the attack itself, and it ended with Malusare losing his life. "). urlmenu.onchange = function() { One of the king's most heavily fortified and strategically placed positions near Pune had to be handed over to the enemy forces. [7] The fort was also renamed Sinhagad to honor his memory. Current Affairs In 1670, Tanaji, who hailed from “Umrathe” near Mahad, Konkan, was busy making preparations for his son, Rayaba’s wedding when he was summoned by Shivaji for a meeting. Upon hearing the demise of Tanaji, Shivaji was struck with grief and expressed his sorrow by famously saying, “Gad ala, pan sinha gela” (“Got the fort but lost the lion.”). The battle and Tanhaji's exploits are still a popular subject for Marathi ballad.[4]. In 1670, Tanaji, who hailed from “Umrathe” near Mahad, Konkan, was busy making preparations for his son, Rayaba’s wedding when he was summoned by Shivaji for a meeting. The actor pointed out that his beard and hair were altered to accurately suit the character's appearance in history. The decision had been made, and at the advice of his mother Shivaji Maharaj sent for Tanaji Malusare while he was at his son's wedding. As a tribute to the bravery of Tanaji, the fort was renamed, Sinhagad (lion’s fort) by Shivaji. In the upcoming period drama Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior, Saif Ali Khan plays the role of Udaybhan Rathod. A scene where Udaybhan is shown killing his own mother has also been edited and another dialogue by Saif has been redubbed to avoid sounding like an innuendo. UPSC Bank When Rathod knocked the shield from Malusare's hand, Malusare was said to have removed a bit of cloth and wrap it around his defending arm to continue. He also stated that his look had to be changed again later for some flashback sequences of the character. Tanaji Malusare rallied his troop of 1000 mavals and marched toward the fort in February 1670. Few surrendered[citation needed], The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad (then known as Kondhana after the sage Kaundinya[1]), near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India.[2]. The fort of Kondhana, the most important amongst all the forts, was under the garrison of a very celebrated soldier under Jai Singh I called Udaybhan Rathod. A fight followed in which Tanhaji was killed but the fort was won. They say the victory was taken without any celebration. After Shivaji's order, Tanaji with 300 soldiers marched to capture the Sinhagad fort in 1670. The fort was later garrisoned with Rajput, Arab and Pathan troops guarding it.


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